Explore More Fox Valley Towns
The explosion of the white population in Illinois in the 1820’s and
1830’s (increasing three-fold in those 10 years),
rivalries between Indian chiefs, failed treaties, and Chief Black Hawk
arriving home to find white settlers occupying his village in 1832 – his
home for over 150 years – led to the Black Hawk War of 1832. That
conflict ultimately resulted in 70 settlers and soldiers being killed.
And although it signaled the end of conflict between settlers and
Indians in the Mid-West, it also resulted in
Black Hawk’s capture and the death of hundreds of his loyal followers.
All Native Americans were forced to leave their settlements and burial
grounds in the area.
Word of the ideal
conditions all along the Fox River - such as fertile soils
and clean flowing springs - attracted
new settlers, mostly from the east. Two brothers from New York
came looking for a site along the stagecoach route from Chicago to
Galena. They eventually settled on a spot where the Fox River could be
bridged, establishing the city of Elgin in 1836 and naming it after the
Scottish hymn "The Song of Elgin." Industries like the Borden
Condensed Milk Factory, the Elgin Watch Company and the Elgin Sweeper
Corporation have all helped to build a strong community; historic
architecture graces Elgin's streets and includes many Victorian homes,
cobblestone homes and Sears Catalogue Homes.
The Elgin of today
is a very rapidly growing, diverse and dynamic city with plenty of
opportunities. Numerous venues are available to enjoy the culture, arts,
theater, numerous parks and recreational facilities Elgin has to offer.
One of the largest and fastest-growing cities in Illinois, Elgin still
retains some of the natural beauty and habitat diversity that first
brought settlers to this area. Come see the city with a strong
sense of community pride and a spirit of
volunteerism and participation!